How the web-server and the internet work.
- Revise what URL stands for (universal resource locator)
- The basic process:
- You type in the url (ex:http://www.google.com/index.htm)
- Following diagram shows what happens:
- Your browser formed a connection to a Web server, requested a page and received it. If you want to get into a bit more detail, here are the basic steps that occurred behind the scenes:
- The browser broke the URL into 3 parts:
- The protocol ("http")
- The server name ("www.google.com")
- The file name ("index.htm")
- The web server translates the servername into a special number called an IP number
- Then a connection is formed through this IP number
- Finally the browser on the local computer requests the file (index.htm) from the web server.
- The file / web page is displayed on your monitor.
- Log on the internet and browse freeware and shareware sites
- Install a couple of programs and check their uses.